What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. The condition occurs when one of the major nerves to the hand — the median nerve — is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist. 

In most patients, carpal tunnel syndrome gets worse over time, so early diagnosis and treatment are important. Early on, symptoms can often be relieved with simple measures like wearing a wrist splint or avoiding certain activities.

If pressure on the median nerve continues, however, it can lead to nerve damage and worsening symptoms. To prevent permanent damage, surgery to take pressure off the median nerve may be recommended for some patients.

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

It is a result of a combination of factors that increase pressure on the median nerve and tendons in the carpal tunnel, rather than a problem with the nerve itself. This problem is most likely due to congenital predisposition. Trauma or injury to the wrist (that cause swelling) can also cause carpal tunnel syndrome.

How to Diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Physical examination is a common method for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome. In some cases, electromyography is recommended to confirm the diagnosis. Electromyography involves inserting a fine needle into the muscle where electrical activities are viewed on a screen, determining the severity of damage to the median nerve.

Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Consult with our doctors and orthopaedic surgeons and they will provide you with effective treatment, as well as recommend you some exercises to help you recover from carpal tunnel syndrome.

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