Achilles tendon rupture usually occurs in those playing a lot of recreational sports. The injury is found in the back portion of the lower leg. The Achilles tendon connects the heel bone and the calf muscles. It is like a springy tissue above the heel and it enables you to extend the foot, so that you can point it towards the floor. Both professional and amateur sports persons can be affected by such an injury. If you participate in sports, such as gymnastics, dancing, running, football, baseball and so on, you are more likely to tear the Achilles tendon.
Facts: How a Rupture Occurs
The Achilles tendon rupture takes place if you stretch the tendon too much. This can result in either complete or a partial rupture. Sometimes, the tendon starts to swell and can be very painful. Sports persons might have possibly experienced a snapping sensation followed by a sharp pain near the ankle and the lower part of the leg and are not able to walk.
The common causes of rupture are overuse of the tendon or increased physical activity. It is important to stretch before doing any exercise to avoid this rupture. Wearing high heels can also cause strain and rupture, as there is a lot of stress on this tendon. People who have flat feet tend to have this problem, as the foot arch collapses when they take a step, resulting in a stretching of the tendon. Any sudden movement can also cause a rupture. Those above thirty are also more prone to the problem of rupture.
What are the Symptoms?
In case of a partial rupture, you can feel pain along the back portion of the foot and the heel. This pain is especially felt when you stand on your toes. The pain might start gradually and might grow worse with time. In case of total Achilles tendon rupture, the pain will be more severe. Other symptoms are swelling and stiffness of the area, tenderness and so on. You may also hear a snapping or a popping sound during the time of injury. When the tendon tears completely, you might not be able to flex the foot or point the toes downwards. A thorough physical examination is necessary, so that the problem can be diagnosed properly.
The only treatment option for Achilles tendon rupture is surgery. However, there are also some non-surgical options that can be effective in some cases. Minor or moderate cases can be cured by just resting the leg for some weeks. You should not put pressure on the foot and you might also need to walk on crutches for some time.
If you have swelling or pain, apply ice on the area for about twenty minutes, three times a day for a week or until the pain goes away. The swelling can also be reduced by using an elastic bandage to compress the area. Keep your leg elevated on a pillow when sitting or lying down. You can also wear an insert in the show till you recover from Achilles tendon rupture, as further stretching can be avoided this way.
Cure For Achilles Tendon Rupture
Diagnosis, physical examination, test and imaging will be managed before a decision is made for treatment – operative or nonoperative, In general, surgery is recommended for young, healthy and active individual. Surgical and nonsurgical techniques are associated with treatment-specific risks and benefits that both surgeon and patient must consider.
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